GLOBAL TERRORISM, TERRORISM AND 9/11 ATTACKS

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ABSTRACT

Showing a dramatic increase in terrorism and the potential dynamics of the international system which becomes an important issue to be discussed is quite important. Terrorism is the democratization of the political dynamics and the level of political instability; however, it suggests that a systematic economic ties with dynamic handling, such as the level of income. The level of democratization of the country and political instability increased size seems to be decreasing with decreasing size of terrorist violence.

In addition, the number of terrorist incidents in the injured and those who lost their lives as a result of terrorism is exacerbated to the point where there is a serious psychological factor come to the fore. However, as in geography where the security problems of countries have higher probability of encounters with violent acts of terrorism; therefore, it is also among the most prominent findings of the spatial dimension of terrorism. [1]

Terrorism today examining how the situation came to a global threat issue on the concept of terrorism in the debate so far raised in the basis of different approaches from each other ‘trouble of definition’ suggest. 9/11, 2001 attacks in the United States and world public opinion to the twin towers began a new era in the fight against terrorism. During this period, the state of the world aspire to act together against global terrorism, it has also brought with it the appropriate grounds to create their own global interests of the actors. When the post-2001 developments are assessed in the fight against terrorism, terrorist activities; cover the despotic administration was faced with the idea of making the state the legitimate grounds.

Key Words: Europe, Islam, Terrorism, Youth, Security, 9/11 Attacks

 

DEFINITION OF GLOBAL TERRORISM AND TERRORISM

What is terrorism? In fact, the definition of terrorism is difficult as it is simple. If you made a subjective definition; it is very simple; it is very difficult in case of an objective definition, perhaps even impossible. Some of the more simple the national and state based on a result of which is the definition of which is difficult, especially on an international scale. More simple words, states easier when determining whether violence in terror of their own; the definition of terrorism in the context of international violence cannot be explicitly expressed. The definition of terrorism is the most obvious indication of the differences in the international community’s understanding of terrorism and have to 109 definitions 1936-1981 varied between. Today that number with the emergence of a new kind of terrorism, such as cyber-terrorism is certainly the increase.[2] Many descriptions made about terrorism can be summarized as follows: The concept of violence and terrorism are acts of use of force. Terrorism is often political purposes. The aim of terror to frighten, to intimidate, to intimidate; the terrorist threat is one method.

The expectation of the terrorists, the result is mainly psychological envisaged. The aim of terrorism is not necessary to have a connection between the victims of terrorism. Purposeful, planned, systematic and organized terrorism action is a method of fighting terrorism strategy and tactics. Terrorism is an unusual action; accepted rules is contrary to law and morality; It is detached from human thought;[3] As a result of terrorist acts, they are usually done on some claims and blackmail; force of terror, extortion, prints heavy head subjugation qualifications; The purpose of terrorism, their ads are doing propaganda. Terrorist organizations are confidential and covered underground organization. Terrorist actions are symbolic and carries a message for others; terror is arbitrary, it is non-personal prints haphazard nature of the heavy; the repetition of actions, and you will be prompted to last in a series of violent campaign to gain a qualification. Terrorism does not discriminate in terms of victims, and the majority of the victims, civilians who join the battle, rebel without unbiased leftovers, nothing to do with terrorists are not the priorities are innocent; terrorism, political purpose is to kill the guy. Terrorism is a crime.

 

GLOBAL TERROR AND NEW WORLD ORDER

In today’s world the main factor that separates the North and South, is thought oriented economy. At the root of global terrorism and economic, political, social and economic inequality that cause unbalanced globalization. Both countries both within and across countries make evident those who react negatively affected by the terrorist attacks of inequality caused by this imbalance should not be ignored can show through. In the identity problems of globalization, perhaps the most kick met with that the place where most of the Arabs’ causes in the Middle East being the tool of imperialism and globalization are a serious opposition to this exhibit. In these results, the pressure exerted by the western values against reactionary stance this way in some places connect to the authentic identity, mostly led to more religious approach.[4]

In addition, one of the most effective weapons in the prevention of international terrorism is legal. States international law is an effective tool in preventing terrorism to the extent that they comply with international law. Government applications of international law alone, not hypothetical, it remains obvious as an abstract and meaningless concept.[5] It is due to the lack of state administration, despite the fact that many international conventions on terrorism concluded terrorist acts are still pending. Its part in the fight against terrorism is international law. Age of renewing itself as a science is to take measures against new development contracts with various international law against all types of terrorism.

 

GLOBAL TERRORISM, 9/11 ATTACKS AND THEIR INFLUENCES

Rising dramatically terrorism attacks on a global scale and threaten the security of the international system more every day. With the end of the Cold War, unipolar structure that dominated in the 1990s, it was relatively stable in terms of the terrorist activities of the international system; but especially in the post-2001 period, it is seen that a dramatic increase in terrorism by some people. Reaching devastating poverty in regions where terrorism, such as non-democratic practices and economic and political instability also is at the forefront of political issues, it raises the economic and political dynamics of terrorism would be. However, examples of which reached alarming dimension of terrorism also marked characteristics exhibited by are the same economic and being valid for all countries are faced with the political circumstances of the terrorist attacks also gives signals, and cannot be reduced to a single flat-terrorist activities. In other words, it is questionable whether the economic and political dynamics of terrorism, which have a significant problem in the international system. the intensification of terrorist activity or triggering point in the empirical literature creates fertile ground for the detection of possible dynamic; income level, economic factors such as the level of human development and income distribution inequality; democratization level, form of government, political status and spatial factors such as geography and political factors such as political instability has come to the fore.[6]

However, factors such as human and financial costs of terrorism with the dynamics of the population of the country are also analyzed as control variables. Terrorism likely political dynamics of political instability, the country with the kind of regime of fundamental rights and freedoms; in other words, it seems to be at the forefront of factors such as levels of democratization, and is a common opinion in question would bring peace for the democratization of international politics. Terrorism development level among prospective economic dynamics, it is observed that the distribution of income inequality and unemployment as the elements come to the fore.

Problem of terrorism, is one of the most controversial problems are not new, particularly in terms of maintenance on historical movements increased violence today. Closer inspection of the people historically the terrorist phenomenon dates back to the community, is seen as the first period when they started to take his life. However, to despite the historical reality on the concept of terrorism that so far it is not possible to say that everyone agreed made a general description.[7] Therefore, the first issue of terrorism has been done in this regard should be possible to handle in a common axis. Today, all over the world, threaten at any moment to come out of everyday life which has become a global problem. In particular, developments in the aftermath of September 11 are interpreted as the most important indicator of the global dimension of terrorism reached a ghost.  Recent terrorist attacks that occurred in New York, Istanbul, Madrid, London, Moscow, Baghdad, Jakarta and dozens of innocent people die innocent than many other parts of the world. Besides, at any moment as a potential terrorism threat in the form of probability is everywhere, ready to explode at the global level even pose a threat to humanity. In this regard, the level reached in need of terrorism, as well as reach if the threat to be taken seriously as a potential agent of state government is forced to produce immediate solutions.

Since cooperation cannot be achieved at the desired level in the international arena, in coming to a threatening position on global terrorism as in the past by some states today in view that support for use of terror against each other in connection with the ideological and strategic account has justified many examples.[8] Especially during the Cold War struggle between the Soviet Union and the United States are examples of this. The phenomenon of terrorism as an instrument of certain states, as part of their ideological and strategic plan has been used in different purposes. Such an attitude to terrorism today as a result of reaching a global concern is donor level qualifications. Today, in the face of global threats as terrorism cases governments to take effective measures to scientists, politicians, the media and it seems inevitable to establish the joint perspectives of other related sectors.

Finally, the population of the country considered as an important control variable in the study of terrorism is also considered among the factors likely dynamics of terrorism. Terrorist attacks, to escape routes, the large population in the region can use to hide their financial operations and organization members.[9] In this case, the fight against terrorism more difficult to increase the size of the high population of the terrorist attacks on the violence which has caused the effect is considered to be a factor.

CONCLUSION

As a result of political instability in countries where the line stage of the severity level of terrorism, the anti-democratic practices and is at the forefront of political and economic-based disorders such as poverty and shows that take place in a relatively problematic geography of these countries. However, when samples are taken into account all the countries, terrorism is political; it is difficult to avoid a qualitative generalization regarding the economic and spatial dynamics.

From 11 September 2001 to be taken important steps in the fight against international terrorism during the period together for quite a while and when terrorism, what violence is apparent is expected to get some goals will continue to be a global problem.[10] The cause of terrorism to the fight against terrorism needs to be very well known. Considering that one of the causes of global terrorism and the global economic injustice and inequality of work needs to be done about it. Terror not made the necessary arrangements will continue to remain the world’s agenda for a long time and will be one of the determining powers.

There is no doubt emerge and development of terrorism, such causes and effects mentioned above, offers important clues to how the problems we are facing in terms of our understanding that arise. However, these measures are to be taken up is also important to understand the problem.[11] Regardless of what measures will be taken, however, continue to exist as long as the causes that give rise to terrorism will continue the existence of this problem. In particular, we assume the political and social inequalities created by globalization will continue in the future, it looks more like a long time problem of terrorism will not fall off the agenda.

Yusuf Taner KILAVUZ

 

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[2] Münevver Cebeci, Defining the “New Terrorism”: Reconstruction of the Enemy in the Global Risk Society, p.2

[3] Aladağ, I. , TERÖRLE MÜCADELEDE ULUSAL VE ULUSLARARASI HUKUK İHLALLERİ: BİR ÖRNEK “AB”

[4] Bal, İ. , Terör, Terörizm ve Küresel Terörle Mücadelede Ulusal ve Bölgesel Deneyim

[5] Chossudovsky, M. , Amerika’nin Terörizme Karşı Savaşı

[6] Michael Jetter, Terrorism and the Media, p.14

[7] Orhan Gökçe, U. D. , Terörün Görüntüleri ve Görüntülerin Terörü

[8] Michael Cox, American Power before and after 11 September, p.263

[9] Bal, İ. , Terör, Terörizm ve Küresel Terörle Mücadelede Ulusal ve Bölgesel Deneyim

[10] Enver Bozkurt, Uluslararası Toplumun Paradoksu, p.22

[11] Sezgin Kaya, INTERPOL, EUROPOL ve Uluslararası Terrorism. Güvenlik Stratejileri Dergisi, 31-49.

Yazar Hakkında

Yusuf Taner KILAVUZ

Istanbul Medeniyet University, Faculty of Political Science, Department of International Relations.
tanerkilavuz@gmail.com

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